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IMCA Insights – June 2011

IMCA Insights – June 2011
A recent meteorite fall in the village of Sołtmany, Poland
by Andrzej S. Pilski

In a farm along a picturesque lake in the Mazurkas region of Poland, the owner woke up and opened a window, then suddenly she heard a whistling noise followed by a loud bang and crash as if the house had been crashed into. She ran out to the yard followed by her son. They saw fragments of the roof from a nearby shed hanging over the shed’s door and pieces lying on the ground in front of the door. Then they noticed a hole in one of roof boards over the door.

A hole in the roof
A hole in the roof (Photo by Roman Rzepka)

Looking around, the farmer spotted a black stone and picked it up. The stone felt slightly warmer than a common stone. She held it for a while, then put it back onto the ground and went back home. She looked at the clock and saw that the local time was 6:06 am; it was the morning of April 30, 2011.

The black, broken stone
The black, broken stone (Photo by Roman Rzepka)

Later her daughter said that it must be a meteorite. They went back to the spot, picked up the stone, took it home and collected other fragments they found in the yard. Then the farmer called a local newspaper in the nearby town of Giżycko. The editor contacted his friend meteorite collector, Mr. Roman Rzepka, who was asked to go to the farm and see if it was really a meteorite. He did so the next day and confirmed the meteoritic origin of the stone. He also took some photos and after returning home he called the author.

Nearly all the fragments of the stone
Nearly all the fragments of the stone (Photo by Roman Rzepka)

Unfortunately I could not leave my work at the Planetarium because of the crowd of visitors during the holidays. I called my friends known to the meteorite community as Wadi and Woreczko and asked for their help. They were visiting their family at the opposite end of Poland, however they decided to risk becoming unpopular with their family and crossed the whole country to go examine the fall. On their way they visited me and I gave them a copy of my book on meteorites signed for the finder. As the book started with the story of the Baszkówka fall, I hoped the finder would learn about the importance of the fall she had witnessed. Later it turned out however she drew a different conclusion than what I had hoped for.

Determining the direction of the fall
Determining the direction of the fall (Photo by Jan Woreczko)

In the afternoon of May 2 Wadi and Woreczko arrived in the town of Giżycko, met Mr. Rzepka and then together they visited the farm to gather more detailed information and get some samples for examination in laboratories. The owner was not willing to give any piece for scientific examination. Instead she kindly agreed to sell some fragments at a relatively low price. In the following days she changed her mind and I received a rude call from her. She said she was cheated by the people I recommended, and demanded an additional payment to match her new updated price, a price that had gone up to about 20 times the original price during the last few days. That is why I never visited the farm and do not mention her name here. The detailed report by Wadi and Woreczko (in Polish) may be seen here.

The samples were sent to Dr. Tadeusz Przylibski, professor in the Technical University in Wrocław, Poland, known for his papers on Baszkówka and Zakłodzie published in M&PS. He asked Marcin Cimała to cut samples for thin sections and this is why Marcin had the opportunity to send detailed images of the new fall to the Meteorite mailing list.

A slice of the new fall - close-up view
A slice of the new fall - close-up view (Photo by Marcin Cimała)

Just by looking at the pictures, it should be clear to every experienced collector that this was most probably an L6 chondrite. However a classification by experienced eye method is not accepted by the Nomenclature Committee of the Meteoritical Society. So thin sections were prepared and Dr. Łukasz Karwowski, professor in the University of Silesia, known for having classified the previous Polish meteorite find, Święcany, took the thin sections to a microprobe, and his findings confirmed the experienced eye classification, but it was not all that obvious.

The new fall on a diagram Fa versus Fs
The new fall on a diagram Fa versus Fs

An ordinary chondrite group may be determined with the help of the fayalite (Fa) content in olivine and the ferrosilite (Fs) content in pyroxene; one can see on the diagram to which group an ordinary chondrite belongs. However this recent fall is situated on edge of the L field, close to the LL area. So there remained a possibility that it could belong to the L/LL group just like Holbrook, the cobalt content in the kamacite was measured to resolve that. The content was much lower than in Holbrook, and is typical for L chondrites. So the new fall was submitted to the NomCom of the Meteoritical Society as an L chondrite with the suggested name of Sołtmany like the village where the farm hit by the meteorite is located.

A barred olivine chondrule - thin section view
A barred olivine chondrule - thin section view (Photo by Łukasz Karwowski)

A petrographic type may be determined after detailed examination of a thin-section under a petrographic microscope. On the photo one can see that a barred olivine chondrule is still visible, but it is hard to determine the boundary between the chondrule and the matrix, as it is diffuse. The boundary is even harder to see on the next photo. This suggests a petrographic type 6, and that is confirmed by the well recrystallized matrix containing relatively large plagioclase grains.

A 2 mm olivine chondrule seems to be rimmed
A 2 mm olivine chondrule seems to be rimmed (Photo by Łukasz Karwowski)

For a fresh fall, measuring the short-lived cosmogenic isotopes is one of most important things to do. To find quickly a good laboratory I asked Norbert Classen for advice. Norbert directed me to professor Addi Bischoff, who had examined the recent Jesenice fall in Slovenia, and he suggested that I asked the Gran Sasso laboratory (Italy), where a piece of Jesenice had been examined. They kindly agreed and a sizable fragment of the Sołtmany fall is already there under examination. Results of the ongoing examinations will be displayed in form of a poster during this year’s meeting of the Meteoritical Society in Greenwich (UK).

If an English speaking person would like to pronounce correctly the name Sołtmany, which was submitted to the NomCom as the suggested name for this new meteorite, please try to say “salt” and “money” with no pause in between. Or just ask Marcin Cimała during the upcoming Ensisheim Show.

This article has been edited by Anne Black and Norbert Classen

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